Statement from FDA Commissioner Scot Gottlieb, M.D., on signing of the Agriculture Improvement Act and the agency's regulation of products containing cannabis and cannabis-derived compounds. U.S. Food and Drug Administration Web site. Available at: https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/statement-fda-commissioner-scott-gottlieb-md-signing-agriculture-improvement-act-and-agencys. (Accessed May 7, 2019).
Brian Peterson is a consumer advocate for users of CBD oil products and the lead administrator of the CBD Oil Users Group on Facebook. He first learned about CBD oil in 2013 from reviews of users on social media. He has immersed himself in the industry since then. This includes founding the CBDOilUsers.com website and the largest CBD oil group on Facebook. His passion is educating people about CBD oil products and the most reputable companies in the industry.
Some risk of side effects are present when using lower-quality CBD oil that may be “contaminated” with THC, which is psychoactive. One case report that was published in the journal Frontiers in Pharmacology described two children who were using CBD oil to treat epilepsy, but were experiencing classic signs of being high: frequent laughter, bloodshot eyes, and reduced attention (10).
One the most well known benefits of the CBD oil comes from treatment of seizure related illnesses. A 2014 Stanford University study showed great results for use of CBD to treat children with epilepsy. The study revealed that cannabidiol oil helps reduce the amount of seizures a kid with epilepsy might face; it helped reduce the number of seizures in a day by 1/2. The most significant part of the study was that the participants were patients who had a tough time controlling their epilepsy via the traditional medications. This is great information for the people with drug resistant forms of epilepsy, and for the families that are hesitant to put their kids on many different types of drugs at an early age.
Hemptation Infused Goods scores points for innovation thanks to its unusual CBD oil-infused honey, which is harvested from hives in Vermont and, according to the company, has a “slightly spicy bite.” That said, customers who prefer not to get their CBD hit on toast may instead opt for one of Hemptation’s similarly novel bath bombs, designed to either invigorate or help unwind when the user settles in for a soak. More traditional types might be relieved to hear, however, that the company also offers sublingual CBD oils in dropper bottles, 99-percent pure slabs of CBD isolate and wax – the latter made from a whole extract of the hemp plant. Furthermore, Hemptation arguably takes customer service to the next level by offering in-person consultations about CBD, available to those living in Massachusetts or Vermont for a $60 fee. Anyone further afield, meanwhile, can take advantage of a similar but more inexpensive service by either telephone or live chat online.

The studies on CBD for headache pain are still in their infancy, but with promising results so far. A 2017 study published in the Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research Journal worked with 26 people who were experiencing rebound headaches. The pain management results were better for the cannabis-nabilone formula over either ibuprofen or nabilone alone. (As a nerdy side note, the article is a great read if you’re interested in the history of cannabis as a pain reliever.)
According to Ananda Hemp’s website, it’s something of a trailblazer in the CBD world, for it possesses what it maintains to be the U.S.’ first officially authorized hemp farm. Ananda Hemp also claims to be the earliest business to have legally imported its own hemp seeds – taken from what is said to be the most extensive privately owned cannabis seed bank in the world. This, the company says, “stands in contrast to many of [its] competitors, who are sourcing questionable, non-certified and untraceable CBD sources.” In any case, people who wish to see how Ananda Hemp’s process impacts on its products can see for themselves by using its full-spectrum extracts, softgels and topical salve. Those goods have themselves, it seems, been through the testing process a minimum of three times to ensure that their levels of potency live up to what’s written on the labels.
I know this is gonna sound hilarious, but I am actually researching for a friend. Seriously, I’m a nurse in New York. My friend, age 73 and suffering from end stage copd. He’s on oxygen and tells me his O2 level has dropped in the 60’s — very dangerous levels. He has passed out before. Anyway, he has been taking CBD about a month and has little effects (positive or negative). He is slowly increasing the amount but is now experiencing “bad taste” for the past three days. As one who has never smoked or ingested CBD’s, I’m at a loss. Any suggestions?

You are likely very familiar with the dangers that prescription painkillers (and other pharmaceuticals) present. In fact, it’s estimated that the majority of CBD oil users attempt to switch to the all-natural therapy for the precise reason of kicking prescription med habits, which all too often cause an overwhelming array of irritability, sleep disruption, digestive complications, and even thoughts of suicide.


Chronic Pain: The body’s ECS plays a role in alleviating and managing pain, so CBD oil can work as a supplement for individuals with medical conditions that cause chronic pain, such as arthritis and multiple sclerosis. CBD oil also increases levels of adenosine in the brain; adenosine is a neurotransmitter that aids cardiovascular function and eases painful inflammation.
Non-THC CBD oils can be highly effective, and are suitable for employees who face random or routine drug tests. Our top pick for this category is the Medterra CBD Oil Tincture, which contains 99.6% CBD and MCT oil (also known as coconut oil extract) without any traces of THC. The oil is derived from hemp plants that are free of GMOs and pesticides, as well. All third-party testing results for the oil are accessible through Medterra’s official product page.
After rubbing the oil and then the cream into the areas of spasticity that were painful enough to keep me in tears and awake night after night, the pain stopped and I fell asleep. I slept a full 10 hours, which hasn’t been possible in years. The next day I felt great. The second night I used it again and slept well again. However, felt tired, fatigued, and light headed.
This article provides a wealth of practical information for the individual considering CBD as an adjunctive or alternative treatment for pain and or anxiety. CBD works in the body by manipulating receptors throughout organ tissues, the immune system, the pain response system, the hormonal system, and other systemic regulatory systems. While CBD oils have not been reviewed or approved by the FDA for the treatment of these conditions, a wealth of literature, both anecdotal and research-related now exists to help describe both their safety and effectiveness. As discussed in this article, the potential new adopter must be mindful of several important items. First, only those products that are sourced from Industrial Hemp will be considered legal in all states. One must be careful if the product you choose is sourced from the marijuana plant, as those products may contain THC levels above the legal limit in your given state. Secondly, all products are NOT created equal – they differ significantly in strength, absorption, and elimination by the body and in the manner in which they are formulated. One should be mindful of the differences in doses available for each of these products, starting at a low or moderate dose and increasing as needed in order to find the lowest dose that provides the desired relief. In this way, one can individualize usage to maximize effectiveness, while minimizing risk, a proper goal for the use of all medicinals.
For those with little understanding of where CBD comes from, how it can affect the body or even what “CBD” stands for, CBDfx has it all covered through the convenient “Knowledge Hub” section on its website. Meanwhile, anyone searching for further answers may just find what they’re looking for on the company’s blog, which investigates, among other subjects, CBD oil’s impact on the ageing process and whether or not the cannabidiol can assist with anxiety. In all, then, CBDfx helps fully equip potential customers with the information they need before they make a purchase. And if they do decide to buy from this provider, they have plenty of choice, too, as its range of products takes in not only CBD oil tinctures, capsules and gummy bears but also a lemon-flavored “Chill Shot” drink – which, the company claims, is “one of the tastiest and most satisfying ways to dose yourself with CBD.”
“Acute CBD administration by the oral, inhalatory or intravenous route did not induce any significant toxic effect in humans. In addition, chronic administration of CBD for 30 days to healthy volunteers, at daily doses ranging from 10 to 400 mg, failed to induce any significant alteration in neurological, psychiatric or clinical exams. Finally, in patients suffering from Huntington’s disease, daily doses of CBD (700 mg) for 6 weeks did not induce any toxicity. Therefore, confirming results from animal studies, the available clinical data suggest that CBD can be safely administered over a wide dose range.“
CBD oil alleviates physical pain and anxiety – both of which can have a negative impact on sleep. Additionally, CBD oil can actually prolong sleep for some, leading to more rest from night to night. Most medical experts agree that marijuana is not particularly beneficial for individuals with medical conditions and/or mental health disorders, as the THC can increase their symptoms; this makes CBD oil a good alternative option for people with the following sleep disorders and medical conditions.
The passage of the 2018 Farm Bill made it legal to sell hemp and hemp products in the U.S. But that doesn't mean that all hemp-derived cannabidiol products are legal. Since cannabidiol has been studied as a new drug, it can't be legally included in foods or dietary supplements. Also, cannabidiol can't be included in products marketed with therapeutic claims. Cannabidiol can only be included in "cosmetic" products and only if it contains less than 0.3% THC. But there are still products labeled as dietary supplements on the market that contain cannabidiol. The amount of cannabidiol contained in these products is not always reported accurately on the product label.

CBD oil fans who switch between vaping and sublingual use are ably catered for by CBD Drip. That’s because the company sells an innovative range of full-spectrum oils that can not only be mixed with regular e-liquids or vaped by themselves but which may also be added to food and drink or simply applied under the tongue. For individuals who’d rather make up their own CBD oil-infused products, meanwhile, the company even offers concentrate in bulk. And CBD Drip assures its customers as to the purity and efficacy of its merchandise by explaining in detail on the website what is tested for and why; full lab results for many of its goods are also available to view at a click. 

Los Angeles-based PureKana stresses that it extracts the CBD oil for its products from hemp plants that have been cultivated without the use of herbicides, pesticides or other agro-industrial chemicals that may impact upon crops. What’s more, the company states, no solvents go into the extraction process other than carbon dioxide. And to further put potential customers’ minds at rest, PureKana presents the results of third-party testing of its CBD oil tincture on its website – a welcome nod to transparency. That tincture can be found in the company’s own blend of CBD oil drops – the three varieties of which have elicited highly complimentary reviews from users – as well as its capsules and cooling topical ointment. Meanwhile, for anyone with a sweet tooth, PureKana’s CBD isolate-containing gummy bears may just do the trick.
Weight plays a role in the effects of CBD oil, and bottle size should be selected based on how much you weigh. Let’s say you weigh less than 130 pounds and desire light CBD oil effects; this means that 11 mg or less will probably suffice per dose, giving roughly 40 doses from a 450-mg concentration. If you weigh more than 230 pounds and desire strong effects, then this same concentration will supply roughly 10 doses.
The CBD oil products generally have a shelf life of at least one year, if stored in a cool, dark place. Refrigeration is typically not necessary as long as it is kept somewhere where the temperature is less than 77 degrees Fahrenheit. Tinctures that use MCT coconut oil as the carrier oil are known to have a longer shelf life than those with hemp seed oil as the carrier oil.
Online Retailers: Most CBD oils are sold through online retailers. These establishments tend to have the widest product range, and many offer free doorstep delivery. Online retailers also frequently post product reviews, allowing buyers to compare different oils based on customer experiences to determine which is best for them. These reviews can also be used to evaluate the retailer based on customer service, delivery, and product quality.
Terpenes are the naturally-occurring essential oils from plants, flowers, and vegetables. Terpenes are what give the plant its scent, flavor, and unique benefits. Some of the terpenes in cannabis are known for their useful therapeutic properties. For example, some terpenes are known for their anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, or relaxing properties to name a few.

Green Gorilla marks itself out by simply blending its flagship line of CBD oils with organically produced extra virgin olive oil – and nothing else. And, as the company states, there’s a benefit to this beyond assuring the product’s purity. In particular, olive oil “has synergistic effects in combination with CBD,” and according to Green Gorilla’s website, it’s “also able to deliver the CBD to the parts of [the] body that need it most.” The products are certainly affordable, too: its 150 mg pure CBD oil comes in at $25.99, for instance, making it a smart choice for new users. And anyone still uncertain about the potential effects of Green Gorilla’s products may have their questions answered by the convenient “science” section of the manufacturer’s website, which neatly explains the difference between THC – the cannabinoid that makes people “high” – and CBD.

The key is to effectively gauge exactly how much CBD oil it takes to start managing your pain. If you start off right away with a maximum dose of a 600 mg tincture, you will have no idea how much of the product it actually took to treat your condition, and how much you wasted (this is also important because you do not want to exceed dosage and end up developing a tolerance to the active cannabinoids).


Non-THC CBD oils can be highly effective, and are suitable for employees who face random or routine drug tests. Our top pick for this category is the Medterra CBD Oil Tincture, which contains 99.6% CBD and MCT oil (also known as coconut oil extract) without any traces of THC. The oil is derived from hemp plants that are free of GMOs and pesticides, as well. All third-party testing results for the oil are accessible through Medterra’s official product page.
The CBD oil in everything that’s sold by Receptra Naturals is extracted from hemp from family-owned farms in Colorado. And the oil produced by the hemp plants – which are cultivated completely organically – is only taken from the flowering parts to ensure its purity and quality. Those of an environmentally conscious bent may therefore particularly appreciate the company’s offerings, which include CBD oil blends that aim either to boost users’ overall sense of health or, for people who are particularly physically active, to just give them a bit more pep in their steps. The most potent of these oils is, for the record, a 4,000 mg concentrate. But Receptra Naturals’ range also includes a topical cream, a skin-conditioning body butter and a CBD extract blend for pets that, the producer states, may help with anxiety, mobility and digestion in animals.
Research on CBD and anxiety has generally looked at cannabis as a whole product, not as CBD as a standalone compound. Some studies suggest that it can help with anxiety: like this 2011 study that suggests CBDcan reduce social anxiety or this 2015 review that says CBD could be promising for many forms of anxiety. It’s also important to consider whether the CBD comes from the cannabis plant and therefore may include THC, a cannabinoid that for some, induces anxiety. Read our comprehensive article on CBD and anxiety, here.
I’m on my second bottle of CBD Oil. I have back problems – wear and tear on my lumber spine – and I have a very stressful job, so I thought I would give it a try. I’m not sure if I am getting any benefit from it? I still have the lower back pain every day. I get a real strain in my lower back even if I have been standing too long (5 mins) I take Cocodamol 30/500 8 per day but I’ve tried tramadol, diazepam, everything, but nothing seems to help especially if I put my back out and I’m doubled over!
Generally, CBD oil is made by combining an extract with a carrier fluid or oil. This question is best answered by looking at how the CBD oil was extracted. CBD oil can be extracted using CO2 systems or by using chemical solvents. Both methods produce a CBD oil byproduct that is then combined with a fluid like MCT oil, coconut oil, or olive oil so that it can be delivered to the body. Always check to make sure you know the CBD content of the products you purchase.

Collin, C., Ehler, E., Waberzinek, G., Alsindi, Z., Davies, P., Powell, K., Notcutt, W., O'Leary, C., Ratcliffe, S., Novakova, I., Zapletalova, O., Pikova, J., and Ambler, Z. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study of Sativex, in subjects with symptoms of spasticity due to multiple sclerosis. Neurol.Res. 2010;32(5):451-459. View abstract.
Yes, the words "CBD tincture" and "CBD oil drops" are used interchangeably to describe drops of CBD oil that users place under the tongue. For the best results, we recommend that you hold the drops under your tongue for up to 60 seconds. This process allows the CBD oil to absorb sublingually into your bloodstream through the mucous membranes in your mouth.
Does the use of CBD oil have side effects? CBD is a natural substance, a cannabinoid from the cannabis/hemp plant, whose positive properties on the human organism are not only attributed by scientists and physicians but by people all over the world who have experienced its healing and therapeutic abilities. Even though it is a natural substance and because of the fact that we have our own cannabinoid system (endocannabinoid system), it looks as if it has been created for us, nevertheless the question arises whether CBD has side effects. And if so, which one? Under which circumstances? And at what dose?
Dry Mouth: As is the case with many other hemp- and marijuana-based products, CBD oil often leads to a condition known as dry mouth (or cottonmouth). This is likely due to cannabinoids altering receptors in the lower jaw that trigger salivation. In most cases, mild discomfort and stronger-than-average thirst are the only issues associated with dry mouth.
To be clear, there is no one specific test, scan, or anything else of the sort that you can do to determine whether or not you need CBD oil for pain. Also, since cannabis is not yet recognized by the FDA, you unfortunately can’t really go to your doctor either and have them recommend it; until marijuana is FDA-approved, it cannot be prescribed by physicians.
I use cbd tincture with mint oil. It tastes and feels good! I tried the natural and I could barely stand the taste. It tastes like I just popped a breath mint. I take the 500 mg broad spectrum. I have had chronic pain for over 40 years and taken opioids for most of that time. Using cbd oil has caused me to be able to cut way down on pain meds. For example one of my meds was fentanyl patches I dropped from 100 mcg to 12 mcg in just 7 months! I had two good brands and one bad one. The two good ones were Hempland and sacred leaf.

One the most well known benefits of the CBD oil comes from treatment of seizure related illnesses. A 2014 Stanford University study showed great results for use of CBD to treat children with epilepsy. The study revealed that cannabidiol oil helps reduce the amount of seizures a kid with epilepsy might face; it helped reduce the number of seizures in a day by 1/2. The most significant part of the study was that the participants were patients who had a tough time controlling their epilepsy via the traditional medications. This is great information for the people with drug resistant forms of epilepsy, and for the families that are hesitant to put their kids on many different types of drugs at an early age.
The amount of milligrams of CBD you should take depends on your specific reason for taking CBD. If you are using CBD to treat chronic pain, you might take a much higher dose than someone who would be using CBD for general wellness reasons. Google search for your specific condition or reason for taking CBD to find the dose that is appropriate for you. You can take CBD in high qualities, so feel free to test out different dosages and see how your body reacts. A standard dose of CBD is 10 mg once a day, but this varies so widely because each individual is different so this can’t be taken as a recommendation for you.
The main thing to consider when figuring out how to find the right strength CBD oil is to realize that everyone’s internal biochemistry is different – while your friend may be able to relieve her anxiety with just a single 3 mg dose, you may require several times that much in order to obtain the same results. Or, you may not find any relief at all. This is why it’s important to start off with the smallest possible dose, and work up from there.
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